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But I just couldn't resist the "don't drink and connive" line! While I'm at it, don't drink and be snide either! As a player, no.
I have not heard any reports of casinos rigging automatic card-shufflers in any way to rip of the players. Yes, unless the dealer's in on it!
No, I'm not kidding. Crooked dealers can shut off, disable or not properly use the shufflers, although it very rarely happens.
Or unless the cheats somehow sneak into play rigged automatic card shufflers. Yes, this has recently happened on a very big scale in Macau.
Read about it here. The exit doors, man! You wouldn't believe how many casino and poker cheats get caught because they didn't know the quickest route out of the casino when security was coming to grab them up.
When you're gambling and losing and running to ATMs to fetch more cash, you're usually in a hurry to get back to the action and thus often careless.
Many people after they get their cash simply leave the machine without punching the answer to the final question "Do you want to make another transaction?
The term shoulder surfer comes from the act of looking over someone's shoulder to peek at the info on the ATM screen.
Their big giveaway is that they're often on their cell phone while standing behind you to give the impression they're busied and not looking at the screen to steal your PIN.
To avoid becoming a victim, just make sure to be patient and properly close out your ATM transactions. Is it the set-up? Is it the actual move itself, switching, pressing or pinching chips?
Is it the psychology cheaters use to convince the bosses they're legitimate high rollers? Or is it the cover plays made after the cheating move to stave off the heat?
Just like when robbing a bank, the robbers have to get out of the bank with the cash. So do the cheaters out of the casino after their moves. A marked box of playing cards would surely make a bad Christmas gift, especially if you're the one receiving it!
Here's a guideline how to acoid falling prey to such a scam:. Examine the cards and the box: If you play for money you should always insist that a new deck be used.
Before and after the box is opened every player should have the right to examine the cellophane wrapper, the box, and the cards. Keep in mind that if the box has been tampered with you will most likely not discover any traces of tampering on the security seal.
Boxes are usually opened from behind, or from the side where the flaps are glued together without being secured with a seal. If the bow was tampered with you may be able to discover some traces there.
The cellophane wrapper is as important. This doesn't look quite the same as a factory sealed cellophane wrapper. Upon close examination it is possible to discover the inconsistencies.
So don't just throw the wrapper away. Keep it, and if you lost too much money have another look at it. Thus far there a two distinct claims for how players can cheat online casinos at blackjack.
The first is via blackjack bots, which are the same as poker bots, keeping track of the cards already played and aiding with hand-strategy deciisions.
Both these methods, and all others I have heard of, are bogus. The biggest scams in your home poker games are marked cards and cold decks.
A cold deck ringer is someone who, when no one is looking, switches in a deck with the cards prearranged to give either himself or his partner at the table a huge winning hand, usually fixing up the pot's eventual losers with full houses getting beat by higher full houses, four of a kind or a straight flush.
Ringers efficient at this won't even care if you're looking because they can make the switch right under your eyes. And of course the backs of the switched-in deck of cards are identical to the backs of the one switched out.
Not unless he's got a laptop on the table! If you notice Russ Hamilton sitting next to you at the poker table, or at any seat at the poker table, or even simply inside the brick and mortar poker room, there is no need to worry.
Hamilton may have also been a brick and mortar poker cheat before his infamy as an online poker cheat at UltimateBet. Hamilton already has millions stashed away from his Ultimate Bet booty.
He plays poker in cardrooms now strictly because he loves poker and has nothing else to do. While playing craps, you might be unwittingly losing money not to the casino but to fellow opportunistic players at the table.
As craps is by far the most complicated table game in casinos, with all its lay, take and proposition bets, it's very easy to get confused and not realize when your bets actually win.
The most glaring example of this in when the come bet wins when the dice "seven out. What they forget is that the come bets they had just made before the roll have won.
These winning bets left on the layout by players leaving the table are called "sleepers" because they are left their to sleep until someone picks them up.
That someone is usually a professional casino cheater working the crap tables for that exact occasion. It is very low risk for them becuase casino bosses do not watch to see who picks up which winning bets.
Remember, a come bet is the exact same bet as a pass line bet. The only difference is it's made after the come-out roll when a point has been established, and can be made any time between the come-out roll and the eventual seven-out.
The come-out roll is the roll after a pass line winner or loser. Bill is as full of the wind as they come. To see why click here. You might simply assume that the best shift to cheat live casinos is the swing shift because that's simply the busiest shift for casinos.
While that is indeed true it doesn't always mean that professional casino cheat teams prefer to work the swing shift as a priority.
Although it is usually best for cheat teams to work busy casinos simply to blend in better and camouflage their cheat moves, sometimes the busy casinos prove burdensome for organized cheat teams, especially when they consist of three or four members working to do the moves.
They may find it nearly impossible to secure their places at the tables. Other slower times such as the graveyard shift offer cheat teams a more relaxed atmosphere where pit personnel and dealers are friendlier and less on-guard for cheating.
When moves are very strong and don't require more than one or two team members to pull them off, the graveyard can be the ideal shift.
If you have to get the hell out of "Dodge" on the quick and bolt across the casino, you are going to stick out like a sore thumb and have a heck of a time getting away!
Unless you are top-shelf casino team that can figure out a way to make casinos disbelieve what their RFID monitors on the tables are telling them, you best avoid working these casinos.
However, if you are ingenious enough to accomplish what I just said, then you can kick their asses How do you do that? You've got to use psychology to set them up.
Well, how do you do that? That, my friends, is VERY valuable information! Can wearing sunglasses help a poker cheat?
Well, if you ask Daniel Negreanu, he'll tell you that poker players wearing sunglasses is outright cheating.
But does wearing sunglasses really help a poker cheat? You bet, especially if he is part of a collusion team.
However, since all players are permitted to wear sunglasses, I don't see this as poker cheating. See my blog entry for more about this.
Protect yourself against these scams where you get seemingly legitimate emails from a popular online company, such as eBay, PayPal or Neteller, that ask you to follow a link and enter your account information.
There are a wide variety of excuses used in these false emails to get you to click the links within them. However, these links will bring you to a false website which looks just like the real one.
And once you give them your personal information, they will wipe out your accounts! Remember that true professional sites like eBay and PayPal will never request information in this manner.
If you ever receive an email from one of these "companies," simply forward the email to the real company that supposedly sent it, expressing your concerns and hopes that they will investigate it.
NEVER click on the link as it may also contain a virus! Did you ever get a chat box message like this? It starts out with a player asking you to do a favor and trade money with him from one site to another.
You decide to help out and the transaction goes smoothly… until your account and funds are suspended for being involved in money laundering!!!
The innocent player who now has the laundered money in their account is left in a mess of trouble, while the crook simply cashes out of the other site.
The scammer starts with a small amount and gets dozens of people involved. He'll gain your trust by sending the promised money back promptly the next day, chatting with you, and becoming buddies.
But once he has many people involved, he starts asking for a little more cash while still promising high returns.
Then you can kiss that grand goodbye! Beware of the old Ponzi scam. Well, more than training your face to reveal nothing, avoid eye contact with people whom you're trying to deceive, as your eyes are the biggest giveaway.
But when you have to look 'em in the eye, best is to exaggerate the look. By this I mean stare at the person direct and hard, to the point that he or she ends up breaking the eye contact first.
This look on your face and in your eyes lends to credibility and trustowrthyness while you're pulling down their pants! Ever seen this type of promise on a Google tag line?
Can you really make serious money cheating at online poker? Well, you certainly can, but NOT from anything you're gonna get from these bogus sites.
They're all full of crap, so don't get hooked! Don't think for a second that whenever you see blackjack being dealt from a card shoe you're in a legit game.
Although finding a cheater's shoe in a legitimate casino is extremely rare, I have seen them on blackjack tables in many "semi" legitimate casinos.
Be careful when playing at so called "casino nights" or other chartiable events. Sometimes the people running these games are more in business for themselves than donating your losses to charity.
Gaffed shoes allow the dealer to perform many tricks, including holding out the top card and dealing seconds just as skilled card mechanics do from handheld decks.
The game of baccarat in all its forms has long been the desired cheating-venue for dishonest dealers and floor personnel, but craps seems to be catching up.
Read about that one here. Simply monitor your dealers and make sure they are not flashing their hole cards.
This applies to all table games using cards. Terry Roses, without a doubt! I would say edge-sorting--but only when the edge-sorters somehow alter the dealing of the game, which in that case would be cheating.
In the old days of Las Vegas, casinos generally did not share information about cheats plying their crafts inside their casinos for various reasons, two of which may have been that they didn't want to be embarrassed by being a victim or kind of liked when other casinos were the victims.
Today, however, that has completely changed. Casinos everywhere across the world communicate and update each other on organized cheating scams and exchange digital photos of the cheats and advantage players entering their properties.
That is somewhat in dispute. Believe it or not, some do. Only in unlicensed and illegal games. Although there was a Poker Analyzer cheating incident in a supposedly aboveboard casino in Scotland, this is a very rare event.
No doubt about it He's playing blackjack, of course. But is he still counting cards? Because that's where the money is. But it depends on one thing?
I bet you can guess it Makes sense, doesn't it? Right up there with the best of 'em! I just found out! Two ways to look at it. They seem to be equally good at hacking into slot machines as they are at hacking into worldwide elections!
But beware of the Bulgarian slot-cheat teams. They are very good as well. That casinos in Las Vegas certainly need to do more in order to protect their patrons.
Casino executives need to consider the people inside their casinos at least as important as the profit margins generated by their gaming operations.
Note that I didn't say "more than. I have just opened up my poker and casino-cheating blog to guest posts from casino personnel who either work or have worked in the trenches of the casino green-felt jungle.
I posted the first guest artilce today! It is a doozy! I think you all already know the delicate balance that is the response to that question.
Well, it may be waning a bit in baccarat, but the ol' false-shuffle scam is certainly alive and well in poker!
In a short answer: No Just like the reality that no matter how hard we try to predict who might blow up a building or train station, we will never be able to predict who might shoot up a casino--no matter how angry or depressed that person may seem at a blackjack table losing their money.
Because it's still very active despite casinos worldwide having knowledge of exactly how the scam works. You can say it's somewhat like the Russians meddling in Western elections.
We all know they're doing it except maybe the American president yet we can't stop them from doing it over and over again.
Why roulette of course! I believe it has. People in poor financial situations tend to get depressed as Christmas time nears, especially if they have no money to buy their loved ones gifts.
So some of these people who live near casinos rob them out of desperation. Some get away with it and end up having a merry Christmas while others end up throwing their entire lives away on what should be happy times.
It certainly is making its fair claim! Petersberg have had their share of cheating incidents and scandals the past few years, some of which include Ponzi schemes and even tournaments where the prize money never even got distributed.
I do think so. Read more about Cryptocurrency here. They're so damn easy for casinos to stop. Read it and you might not believe it!
I don't think any casino will ever quite rival Singapore's Marina Bay Sands as far as cheating goes, but I do think the new Wynn Boston Harbor Casino will be hit hard by casino cheats when it opens in It will be a giant casino with lots of action and high-rollers, just perfect for professional casino-cheat teams.
And it is happening elsewhere--in all types of online poker games. So keep your hand-tracking software going and be alert! Whatever court makes the final decision, it is very unlikely that Ivey and Sun will get to keep their baccarat-cheat winnings.
To the best of my knowledge, the last time a Nevada casino was actually closed down for cheating its clientel was in A dealer was found with five sets of mis-spotted dice tucked in his apron.
In , the Silver Slipper casino on the Las Vegas Strip was shut down on similar dice-cheating charges. Dealers do not properly case their layouts Yes, but Cambodia is catching up fast!
There is one now! That title belongs to Eliot Jacobson. Because casino craps personnel practically invite the dice-sliders to their tables.
They don't enforce the simple rule that both dice have to tumble and not slide, and both must hit the back wall and tumble back on the layout naturally.
Nothing more to stopping it. Cheating fellow poker players, be it in brick and mortar poker rooms or online, is pretty downright low!
There are so many more advantage players than cheats in today's casinos, but the cheats make much bigger scores than the advantage players, albeit with much less frequency of pay-days.
Given the huge scams like Phil Ivey's edge-sorting the baccarat tables vs the constant winning grinds of blackjack and derivative games advantage players, it is really hard to say which group does more damage, so I am going to say that I just don't know Believe it or not, they are actually quite similar.
Like everybody else who has an angle to make serious money, casino cheats sometimes go too far. They don't know when to quit or they don't know how to keep their edge under the radar.
Phil Ivey, who perhaps took his edge-sorting baccarat cheat scam too far too quickly, might understand what I'm saying. A lot of this online casino-cheat and advantage-play information is good and accurate.
A lot of it is not. One major online casino-cheat and advantage-play blog that is highly questionable is the blog.
I'd say it's Pennsylvania followed by Ohio, both in outside cheat scams and casino employee-engineered cheat scams. In fact, just this week a 7-year prison sentence was handed down to the mastermind of what was perhaps the biggest counterfeit-chip scam ever.
It's called growing pains. Like all new casino jurisdictions, Pennsylvania casinos and their staffs will go through the casino-cheat attacks and will eventually wise-up to how casino cheats operate.
One is that all the heat is on inside baccarat scams with dealers colluding with players on false-shuffle and other baccarat scams.
Another is that craps is a very fast and crowded game when the dice are rolled, so sharp dishonest dealers can find room for quick cheat moves. And payoffs can be confusing, even for boxmen and floor personnel watching the action.
They may be doing more than that! Most of them do, but not all. Everything and nothing, depending on who you ask. With the Phil Ivey Edge-Sorting cases, you can get a dozen completely different arguments supporting that it is either advantage-play or cheating.
Generally this is not a good idea. Perhaps one or two percent. I certainly think so. First off, boxmenless craps tables will see dealers who make mistakes on payoffs not get corrected.
Also, dealers who want to partner-up with agents to cheat the casino will have a much easier time doing so. A crooked craps dealer passing off chips to an agent, overpaying and not taking losers can easily get away with all three without a boxman's eyes on his side of the layout.
Cheat scams from the outside would also be easier to pull off. These cheat moves are too easily seen due to lack of player-activity on the physical tables.
Well, I guess they have to in order to get casinos to enlist their services. You bet it is, although casinos are getting more hip to it.
What started in Singapore has developed into perhaps the most organized international slot machine cheat scam in casino history.
Hundreds, if not thousands, of casinos have been hit in the US and many others have been hit in Europe and Asia.
Outside the US, the legality or illegality of dice-sliding is less clear. The recently deceased Robert "Bob" Griffin certainly was the number-one casino-cheat-catcher in his day, and he certainly was a royal pain in my ass!
The high-tech war between casino cheats and surveillance departments inside land-based casinos will continue just as the cyberwar between the US and Russia and China will.
But remember that the bulk of effective casino cheating will always be carried out by professional low-tech casino cheats.
It's the Super Bowl of casino cheaters! Like all new major casinos in young jurisdictions, the MGM Grand in National Harbor, Maryland is quite vulnerable to professional and amateur casino cheating, but I have heard they are taking pretty good countermeasures to minimize it.
Slot cheating against players by operators, either online or land-based, is virtually nonexistant. The only complaints I have heard about slot integrity are related to false advertising concerning payoff return percentage or bonuses.
This happens infrequently both online and in real casinos. Home poker-game cheating evolves just like public cardroom poker-game cheating.
And home-game cheating is always attractive to cheats because there usually is no criminal risk to the cheats. Most of the home-games scams are elementary but from time to time they get sophisticated.
I highly doubt it. After all the publicity surrounding Phil Ivey's edge-sorting cases involving tens of millions of dollars taken from casinos worldwide, I think casinos have certainly wised-up to this one!
But you have to put in the work reading, studying and practicing whatever advantage play tactics you're going to use against the casinos.
It's still 3-card monte as foreign tourists keep falling for the same old con. And some Americans fall for it as well! Not as important as accuracy!
In fact, you don't have to be that fast when counting the cards. There is plenty of time even when the dealer is speedy.
But are these lists any good? Are they really informative? The simple answer is yes You bet they do! They are able to do this when claiming their cheat moves and during their bet-back procedures as they sell the casinos to the sham that they are legitimate high rollers whom the casinos want to see come back to the tables.
Because he keeps getting away with it. Every time he gets caught he gets a temporary ban from the site, but he eventually comes back for more.
What he needs is a harsh penalty, something like forteiting funds in the misrepresented accounts he uses, to finally teach him a lesson.
So is this practice of storing cards right in the baccarat room a bit careless? Yes, in casinos with weak internal controls on examining their playing cards before they are brought to the gaming tables.
The poker cheat mastermind who engineered the cheat scam, Christian Lusardi, is now serving five years in prison.
That is a difficult question as the newer ones tend to be at the top of that list, and every month there are new casino-openings.
For a long while it has been baccarat with all the digital camera scams tracking the shuffles and deals, but as more and more of these scams hit the baccarat tables, casinos are reacting in their efforts to curb them.
The result is that more high-tech scams are now aimed at slot machines. I always found that there floorpeople were sharp and lots of them were skilled in detecting casino and poker cheats.
In fact, back in the day, I considered it a challenge to do my best casino cheat moves in London's casinos.
I had a lot of success but it was always hard work! Most do but some don't. In fact, card-marking poker cheats are as popular as ever.
Today's card-makrers have generally gone high-tech and use invisible or disappearing ink and infrared lenses to see the markings. But old-fashioned card-marking methods such as daub and sandpaper are still being used.
Picking up sleepers occurs most often on roulette and craps layouts. A long and prosperous cheating career or one huge scam that earns millions, like Phil Ivey's baccarat edge-sorting scam.
Mostly the way legitimate professional poker players do: I used to meditate to prepare myself for a casino bombardment! Only in online casinos Not only have I been getting lots of emails asking me this, I have been getting a bunch promoting it The sharp ones do not.
They know how to stay below the radar. By far it's poker collusion at poker and hole-carding at blackjack. Because both are virtually risk-free.
Even though casinos and poker rooms consider both methods to be cheating, the courts do not. This is due to the large crowds and huge action that can be seen throughout the casino world and especially in Las Vegas.
I do not want to encourage anyone, but the answer is yes. They tell me it's great stuff! I bet it could! Simply because casinos are depending on it too much.
Problem is that more the cameras know less the surveillance staff knows. Depends what you consider major I kinda have mixed feelings about this issue, about which people have been writing me.
His accomplishments as an edge-sorting baccarat cheat are certain worthy of Poker and Casino Cheats Hall of Fame consideration, but in spite of that, he has not spent all that much time as a casino cheat or a poker cheat--at least as much as we know.
The truth is that the descriptions of poker cheat and casino cheat moves given on TV documentaries is pretty good, but sometimes the actual film depicting the moves are not.
If chess grandmasters can run into the bathroom during tournaments and dig out their hidden smart phones from toilet paper dispensers like Pacino dug out his hidden gun in the Godfather , we may soon see casino cheats running into casino bathrooms to do the same Not unless you've got some pretty darn good equipment and some brains to go with it.
The window on this type of casino-cheating is evaporating, and it is becoming less and less worthy of the cash. Plus in most major casino-areas it is a felony.
You can read more about this in my blog. Well, the jury is out on this one, but they will soon be in!
The one thing I can tell you now is that cheating casinos and poker rooms with smart watches will be easier than doing it with smart phones.
Stay tuned to my blog for upcoming articles on this very very interesting subject! No time in the near future. Several are already in development.
When I get more info on this, I will pass it along. Yep, you guessed it.. There have been some cases of NFL players trying to cheat in casinos, most while drunk, but on a more serious note, some high-level Russian tennis players have been suspected of being part of poker-collusion cheating rings both in brick and mortar poker rooms and in high-stakes online games.
The problem is the online poker cheats are just as smart and savvy as the experts working for PokerStars security. It only means that those who have the talent to deal seconds and make other cheat-moves have not been at their craft recently.
But overall it would be rare. The reason for this is due to the sheer huge numbers of participants in the events, especially the main-event championship.
Back in the day when there were only a few hundred, or even a few thousand in the main event, it paid off for the poker-colluding tournament cheat-syndicates to team up against the rest of the field.
But today, even with perfect colluding, it is very difficult to get a player to a final table, no matter how many chip-dumps his colluding-team can manage.
Yes, but there function is much more supplying its client casinos with information than actively patrolling casinos looking for cheats like they used to.
I am not joking! I could write a book just on that They offered him extremely foolish rebates on his losses as well as other casino-detrimental incentives.
For this to happen again, an almost impossible set of circumstances would have to reoccurr. You can always file a complaint with the gaming commission that governs the particular casino or poker room, however, in most cases they simply back the casino or poker room.
Do I believe them? I have not heard about a case of that in years! Heavy shadows can make it impossible to discern chip values and even card values, both of which can hamper casino and poker-cheating investigations.
I have seen this shadow-problem most with poker tables. The overhead camera is often shadowed-out by the low table-lighting above the poker table.
I will have much more on this upcoming on my blog page. In fact they do! Even though poker collusion is very difficult to prove, enough circumstantial evidence can convince a judge or jury that collusion did indeed take place.
The key is to obtain surveillance video of the game in question, which would be the equivalent of tracing hand histories in online games.
I won it in So I think we will put that one to bed! Probably not much in the poker tournament area, but player beware in the side cash games!
Lots of big time poker collusion will go on. Well, the answer is simple-stupid. That kind of answers the question, right?? Even though your chances of beating Phil Ivey at poker, given his skills as both a top-notch poker player and cheat, he is still not the person I would least want to go up against.
Remember his spying-on-other-teams scandal a few years back? Actually, it could be. If you can convince a jury by explaining how the collusion happened with accompanying visual backup, you can win that case!
With the publicity generated by the multiple edge-sorting cheat-attempts some successful for several million bucks by famous poker pro Phil Ivey, you can bet casino playing-card manufacturers are going to clean up their act and start putting out cards whose edges cannot be sorted.
Expect a lot of these high-tech scams in the coming years, mostly in mid-size casino areas outside of Vegas and Atlantic City.
I have heard so, though I am not too confident about putting my money into a card-counting operation against CSMs.
I will be blogging on the subject shortly. Did you ever hear the saying "Going to the blackjack table one time too many?
But without perfect timing, the good hands and agility does not mean much. Yes, keep it simple stupid. Too many casinos are constantly training their staffs to combat high-tech scams that in reality happen rarely and in only certain type-select casinos.
While doing that, they omit training their staffs on the basics of game protection and cheating. But only very very few actually do it.
I have heard two reports of undetectable loaded dice having been used in Detroit casinos. Although I am quite skeptical about this being a reality, I am actively investigating it.
My findings will be published in an upcoming article on my blog page. It is the second most important cheating event for both professional poker cheats and professional casino cheats.
Check your local listings! We will see high-tech scams in other games such as roulette. In low stakes games it is virtually zero, the only collusion action being the cheats practicing for the bigger games.
And at these levels, the collusion pokoer cheats get the money! Generally no, but when you try to alter the deal of the game to allow yourself the chance to appy edge-sorting, then it is cheating.
This is something that changes, but for the past few years it has clearly been baccarat. Before this we were seeing more false-shuffle scams perfromed by dealers on baccarat tables.
If you don't know what I'm referring to, an off-set comp scam is when people try to show fake big action in order to get room and food comps from the casino.
This is done on games where two or more players can off-set each other's bets, such as craps and baccarat. These bets wash unless double-sixes come out on the come-out roll.
Same thing in baccarat with the player and the bank bets Casinos will not catch on to this trick when it's done skillfully and not too long at any given table.
Also, make sure there is plenty of action on the table if you do this at. This offset fashion is how my team used to obtain the chips we needed for our cheating moves.
Don't always make your opposing bets match exactly. Yes, but it's getting tougher and tougher since Don Johnson beat several Atlantic City casinos out of millions by taking advantage of their blackjack offers to high-rollers.
Just spend a little time on this website! And if you can't find info on what you're looking for, just send me an email.
Note as well that if you want to search something on my blog page, it is better to go to Google and search it with what you are looking for in conjunction with richardmarcusbooks.
For example, if you want to read about roulette cheating, search Google for: Overall, collusion between poker players is best defended against by legitimate players in the game who pick up on the collusion cheats.
Scams such as card-marking, card-switching and card-mucking are as hard to detect as ever when the poker cheats pulling them off are skilled.
Don't be fooled by the poker cheat busts you read about because you don't read about the ones that go on unscathed.
I answer that here. Due to the tremendous advances in slot and electronic technology, both the numbers of professional slot cheats and slot scams have decreased dramatically the past decade.
However, the few scams that do still happen are major and usually pulled off with help from casino employees. And I mean bet.
This is because they are generally too preoccupied with following procedure and avoiding mistakes that they overlook the obvious cheating.
I don't think so. It's surely a possibility. One thing I do know is that hacking surveillance cameras serves absolutely no purpose to cheaters.
What's the difference between seeing the hands played out live or seeing them played out on video tape?
Exposing the bottom cards of the hands as they raise them over the lip for delivery to the players. Some sloppy dealers flash as many one bottom card per player at the table, which is enough to give advantage players playing this edge on ALL poker derivative carnival games.
Its use in the worldwide casino industry has increased during the past five years, but it is still in use in only a small minority of casinos, especially where keeping track of casino chips is concerned.
From a game protection perspective, it is effective against some kinds of casino cheating, mainly pastposting on table layouts, but advanced casino cheats are able to bypass it.
Only in casinos that are not hip to them, which is becoming less and less. In the UK, the casinos are the sharpest against them. I wouldn't say so.
There's no need to buy what you can read and learn for free. Unless the cheating poker dealer is making his extra pay stealing chips, he is dumping off both good cards and chips to a confederate playing in your poker game.
The dealer usually does this by holding key cards at the top of the deck and dealing seconds until his confederate needs those cards. The only thing you can do to protect yourself if you are suspicious is to listen closely for that slight raspy sound second cards being dealt always make Or I should say almost make.
So if you get caught in a game with a crooked dealer working with his agent, you are really up against it!
Hang in there and try to beat your games on the square. It will probably turn around unless you're just a bad player. And if you're a bad player, you'd probably be a bad cheat as well!
Depends who's offering them. I don't want to mention any names, but there is one guy out there bombarding everyone with his table games workshops, which, in my opinion, are highly repetitive and exaggerated.
You should be very selective in spending your casino's money on game protection seminars, table games workshops, etc.
The means is marking the cards rather than the more-often seen switching cards. Usually not, but in some cases yes.
Everyone seems to want to know the answer to this, as many have heard about Don Johnson, the blackjack card-sharpie who beat Atlantic City casinos out of several million by taking advantage of their high-roller promotions, most noteably their percentage of losses rebate or refund policy afforded to super high rollers.
However, the casinos have since wised up to this huge fault and now are getting much more conservative in their promotional offers to lure high rollers.
Still, there are some chinks in the armor and if you look hard enough, you can find some ways to tilt the odds slightly in your favor.
That means that you probably will only find break-even deals that you might be able to shift in your favor by adhering to conventional advantage-play techniques.
But the answer is: Casinos and poker rooms are always ripe for the plucking, but in spring they do not behave like the lovely young ladies you find inside them!
In other words, NO, casino and poker cheats do not operate with any more passion in spring than they do in winter. This tip comes from my longtime cheating parter Pat Mallery, who is, of course, as Irish as they come!
When playing poker on St. Paddy's day make sure you're not so sloshed to the point where you can't see your cards AND to the point where you can't see Fitzpatrick making a quick switch of cards with Fitzroy or Fitzgerald.
In other words, according to Pat, maybe you should just get drunk and skip the poker game tonight! This gives them an idea of who's got what as far as the big action chips go, and does at times aid in detecting cheating scams and advantage play throughout the casino.
However, in order to make good use of RFID technology, the casino personnel on the floor has to be sharp. They cannot depend on RFID technology alone, just like they cannot depend on surveillance cameras.
What do I mean by that? Well, people working on cruise ships are not always doing it for the fun and excitement of roaming oceans and seeing new places.
Lots are into it for ripping off their employers, and that is quite easy to do on cruise ship casinos because security and surveillance is so lax.
I would say yes--but it will only happen when and if there is some kind of US legalization and regulation of online poker and online gaming.
Besides the US Justice Department, I can't see any other authoritative body anywhere in the world going after online poker and gaming cheats.
About the same amount of truth as poker cheats using dolphins to help them cheat in home floating-games? Any pastpost on a European roulette layout that does not involve switching chips can be done with the same ease as using American chips on American layouts, but you probably won't see pastposting casino cheats using the high-denomination European brick-like chips.
Pastposters who switch out lower denomination chips for higher denomination chips would find using European chips burdensome because of the size difference with each denomination of chips.
Do not screw around with credit-card and identity-theft scams with online gaming deposits! It is dangerous and you WILL get screwed.
International police and investigative agencies are paying more and more attention to money laundering and other financial crimes cloaked inside online gaming accounts.
Same thing you should do if you see Roger Clemens or Barry Bonds at your poker table: That is the best way to pay Lance Armstrong the disrespect he deserves The best way to answer that question is to invoke the old adage "Nothing is foolproof and can't be cracked.
In ranking that difficulty, I would put it just below cracking source codes and hacking one's way into online poker sites to see players' hole cards.
It's the same theory. No one is predestined to become a poker or casino cheat. And no one grows up dreaming of cheating poker and casino games.
Nearly all professional and amateur card, dice and slot cheats get involved in cheat scams because of events in life that eventually led there.
In poker and casino cheating, it usually starts by losing lots of money gambling and then trying to get it back. Besides the high-tech and computer cheats who turn to casino and poker cheating without passion and look at it solely as a business, people who become cheats usually start on the path leading there at an early age.
But this does not mean it is in the blood or predestined. Beatable by card-counting and cheatable by various methods, most of which require dealer cooperation but some of which is as simple as casino cheaters pastposting the side bets.
In some casino areas, notably in Canada, the dealing of EZ baccarat has gotten confusing to the point of being out of hand. Cheaters and advantage EZ baccarat players are indeed making their paydays there.
I could be wrong, but as far as I know there is no such device that allows you to scan the order of blackjack cards coming out of a legitimate shuffle.
I've heard stuff about this, but until I see it I don't believe it. Not the ones I consult for! Really, besides Foxwoods and the Mohegan Sun, Native American casinos and poker rooms are actually harder to cheat because their staffs pay extra attention to game and asset protection.
So if you're a poker or casino cheat living far from Connecticut, my advice is to go to Vegas or Atlantic City to do your moves.
Online poker sites that pay to advertise on Google or on other websites have the cash to do so, and they are usually more successful and cheat- and scam-free than online poker sites that don't buy links on Google and other sites.
So thr stuff online that says online poker sites you find with paid links are more likely to have cheating going on are full of it. The fewer people involved in a cheat scam the better.
All these big casino scams that happen with inside help and a bunch of participants always come apart. Just look at what happened in the recent inside craps scam at Foxwoods in Connecticut.
There were at least 12 dealers involved! Remember, any crime planned, casino related or not, is a conspiracy if more than one person is involved.
Inside scams are very dangerous for this reason. A dealer caught cheating will give up everyone in the scam.
On the brick and mortar side of poker it is much less frequent, although you may run into a poker cheat team using digital cameras relaying images to computers relaying audible messages to cheats at the table.
However, don't worry about this so much. In other words, dice setting is a step in the practice of dice control.
Does any of this matter? Probably not, as I don't believe anyone can beat the casino by controlling the dice no matter how they set them before throwing them.
The answer is that the safest online poker and casino sites are constantly changing. This is why I keep track of them with information from multiple reliable sources.
To see today's online poker rooms and casinos with the least amount of cheating going on, go to Richard Marcus's online poker and casino cheat-free safety rankings.
They are updated every day! This is certainly one area where casinos can effectively fight the cheats.
It is also fairly easy for them to spot consistent roulette winners. However, there are some laser scanners and other types of ball-tracking devices that continue to operate successfully inside casinos, but those using them still have to be very careful to avoid exposing their operation at the manual level.
To read more on my thoughts about this click here. Not on your ass! In fact it has increased. You're just hearing less about it because all the cheating news in the online poker world has been recently dominated by the big inside hole-card-reading scams at UltimateBet, Absolute Poker and elsewhere.
In fact, very little. Sleight of Hand is used in street scams such as 3-card monte and envelope switches, and also in home poker games by card mechanics, but in casinos and public cardrooms it is practically useless.
So do not believe Sal Piacente, Darwin Ortiz or any of the magicians and card tricksters out there who tell you that sleight of hand is a tool of the professional casino cheat.
Cheating is about timing, not about the hand is quicker than the eye. Do you really think that for a hundred bucks or so this kind of software would be available?
The answer is a flat NO! Don't fall for it! Believe it or not, I'm stumped by that one! But I'll tell you this: Watch for the telltale signs of poker collusion cheats both online and off.
I wouldn't say it is a lot in proporition to the amount of cash games taking place, but where it is happening it is very significant, and if you find yourself at one of the tables hit by skilled poker cheats you can get hurt.
The key person that they need to guard against is the dealer, so if you notice someone at your poker table seated next to the dealer on either side who is talking too much to him, check the opposite side for possible card-swapping cheats in action.
There have been hoards of casino and poker cheating teams, both professional and wanna-be's, flooding the Asian Peninsulas to hit the casinos in Macau and Singapore, but this could mean both good and bad.
When there are lots of cheating teams operating in a specific gaming and poker area, you might have the misfortune of falling into somebody's heat, especially if that heat has something to do with the type of cheating team you are.
So you pick up the chip Should you run right to the cage and cash it out? Then play a few hands, spins or rolls of the dice, THEN go cash out.
Just answer those questions truthfully, but don't tell them you found the original chip! As fast as iPhone blackjack card counting came, it is going to go.
Soon iPhone counters are going to find themselves skulking around blackjack tables just to enter the count. And besides, counting cards at blackjack with an iPhone is soon going to be considered felony cheating in most areas of the US because using any gadget to help you beat casinos is a crime!
So my advice to you iPhone users is to have fun with them and chat away, but do the card counting in your head. It's sure as hell trying but I do not think it will succeed.
But stay tuned as the battle wages! They are everywhere these days, aren't they! Not yet but they're working rapidly on it.
To read more about this fascinating poker cheating subject, click on my magazine page and read the article entitled "New card-marking threats".
Okay, so you read my powerful reverse baccarat scam performed in casinos. So how can you protect yourself from falling prey to that or a similar reverse casino or poker scam?
Well, first off don't be greedy! This is especially true if you just met the person proposing the scam and potential victim to you, or you don't know him well.
Even though you are probably wrong, and probably losing to either bad luck or better skill if you're playing poker in the casino's poker room, but it is unlikely you are a victim to poker cheats and casino cheats.
But even if you really believe you are, there is nothing to do about it except leave the poker room or casino and find somewhere else to play. Complaining to gaming commissions or other authorities is not going to get you anywhere, except maybe filling out lots of forms.
So if you think you are being cheated at poker or any casino game, just take a hike or take a break! These would be the online poker cheat sites that are set up by cheats looking to rob you blind through credit card fraud, identity theft or just not paying out money to winners.
Avoid playing on sites that you find inadvertently and have never heard of, or at least investigate them thoroughly before opening an account and giving up your credit card and personal info.
Don't get hooked by the fly-by-nighter online poker cheat sites. If rigged means there is cheating on online poker, then the answer is yes.
If rigged means that the online poker sites themselves are systematically cheating players, the answer is no. Remember that these huge online poker cheat scams we hear about are only isolated instances of online poker cheating, no matter how big any individual online poker cheat scam may be.
Most of them are just trying to get you to buy their tracking and cheating software, however, some of them to provide useful information on cheating poker online.
For a more in-depth look into this subject, read this richardmarcusbooks blog entry. Seriously, cheating your casino from the inside just doesn't work.
You may get away with it for awhile, but then the problem becomes, when do you stop? The greed factor is a huge destroyer, and lots of times, even before you get too greedy and scam from the inside for too long, surveillance will catch on to you.
In the end, it is just not worth it. Keep your dealing job and keep dealing honestly. The answer to this one is rather simple: Because no matter how many times they get caught, they have nothing really to worry about besides a tarnished reputation.
There is no risk of jail time or fines, at least for the time being. Heck, I might be surprised if even the greatest alleged online poker cheat of all-time, Russ Hamilton, who is the accused UltimateBet scandal mastermind, ever does any time or pays a fine.
Hughes was involved in another near-fatal aircraft accident on July 7, , while performing the first flight of the prototype U.
An oil leak caused one of the contra-rotating propellers to reverse pitch, causing the aircraft to yaw sharply and lose altitude rapidly.
Hughes attempted to save the aircraft by landing it at the Los Angeles Country Club golf course, but just seconds before reaching the course, the XF started to drop dramatically and crashed in the Beverly Hills neighborhood surrounding the country club.
When the XF finally came to a halt after destroying three houses, the fuel tanks exploded, setting fire to the aircraft and a nearby home at North Whittier Drive, owned by Lt Col.
Durkin, who happened to be in the area visiting friends. An oft-told story said that Hughes sent a check to the Marine weekly for the remainder of his life as a sign of gratitude.
However, Durkin's daughter denied knowing that he received any money from his rescue of Hughes. Despite his physical injuries, Hughes was proud that his mind was still working.
As he lay in his hospital bed, he decided that he did not like the bed's design. He called in plant engineers to design a customized bed, equipped with hot and cold running water, built in six sections, and operated by 30 electric motors, with push-button adjustments.
Although he never used the bed that he designed, Hughes' bed served as a prototype for the modern hospital bed. Hughes, however, believed that neither miracle nor modern medicine contributed to his recovery, instead asserting the natural life-giving properties of fresh-squeezed orange juice were responsible.
Many attribute his long-term dependence on opiates to his use of codeine as a painkiller during his convalescence. The War Production Board not the military originally contracted with Henry Kaiser and Hughes to produce the gigantic HK-1 Hercules flying boat for use during World War II to transport troops and equipment across the Atlantic as an alternative to seagoing troop transport ships that were vulnerable to German U-boats.
The project was opposed by the military services, thinking it would siphon resources from higher priority programs, but was advocated by Hughes' powerful allies in Washington, D.
After disputes, Kaiser withdrew from the project and Hughes elected to continue it as the H-4 Hercules. However, the aircraft was not completed until after the end of World War II.
The Hercules is no longer the longest nor heaviest aircraft ever built; both of those titles are currently held by the Antonov An Mriya.
The Hercules flew only once for one mile 1. The Hercules was nicknamed the Spruce Goose by its critics, but it was actually made largely from birch , not spruce , rather than of aluminum, because the contract required that Hughes build the aircraft of "non- strategic materials ".
It was built in Hughes' Westchester, California , facility. In hotly disputed testimony over TWA 's route awards and malfeasance in the defense acquisition process, Hughes turned the tables on his main interlocutor, Maine Senator Owen Brewster , and the hearings were widely interpreted as a Hughes victory.
The Hughes Helicopters division started in when helicopter manufacturer Kellett sold their latest design to Hughes for production. The company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor manufacturing numerous technology related products that include spacecraft vehicles, military aircraft, radar systems, electro-optical systems, the first working laser, aircraft computer systems, missile systems, ion-propulsion engines for space travel , commercial satellites, and other electronics systems.
In , Hughes created a new division of the company: In , Howard Hughes gave all his stock in the Hughes Aircraft Company to the newly formed Howard Hughes Medical Institute, thereby turning the aerospace and defense contractor into a tax-exempt charitable organization.
It has particularly emphasized capabilities in high performance integrated circuits, high power lasers, antennas, networking, and smart materials.
The Constellations were among the highest-performing commercial aircraft of the late s and s, and allowed TWA to pioneer nonstop transcontinental service.
After the Boeing was announced, Hughes opted to pursue a more unique jet aircraft for TWA and approached Convair in late Convair proposed two concepts to Hughes, but Hughes was unable to decide which concept to adopt, and Convair eventually abandoned its initial jet project after the mockups of the and Douglas DC-8 were unveiled.
Hughes did not have enough cash on hand or future cash flow to pay for the orders, and did not immediately seek bank financing. Hughes's refusal to heed Dietrich's financing advice led to a major rift between the two by the end of Hughes believed that Dietrich wished to have Hughes committed as mentally incompetent, although the evidence of this is inconclusive.
Dietrich resigned by telephone in May after repeated requests for stock options, which Hughes refused to grant, and with no further progress on the jet financing.
The claim was largely dependent upon obtaining testimony from Hughes himself. Hughes went into hiding and refused to testify. Hughes acquired control of Boston-based Northeast Airlines in However, the airline's lucrative route authority between major northeastern cities and Miami was terminated by a CAB decision around the time of the acquisition, and Hughes sold control of the company to a trustee in Northeast went on to merge with Delta Air Lines in Republic was subsequently acquired by and merged into Northwest Airlines which in turn was ultimately merged into Delta Air Lines in Hughes had made numerous business partnerships through industrialist and producer, David Charnay.
George, Utah that eventually led to Hughes buying up nearly every copy of the film he could, only to watch the film at home repeatedly for many nights in a row.
Charnay later bought the Four Star , the film and television production company that produced The Conqueror.
Hughes, Charnay, as well as three others were indicted. The complexity of this LBO was the first of its kind.
Attorney DeVoe Heaton, accused the group of conspiring to drive down the stock price of Air West in order to pressure company directors to sell to Hughes.
Thompson, the federal judge that made the decision to dismiss the charges called the indictment one of the worst claims that he had ever seen.
The charges were filed again, a second time, by U. The Federal Judge ruled on November 13, and elaborated to say that the case suggested a "reprehensible misuse of the power of great wealth", but in his judicial opinion, "no crime had been committed.
During a long pause between the years of the dismissed charges against Hughes, Charnay, and their partners, Howard Hughes had mysteriously died mid-flight while on the way to Houston from Acapulco.
No further attempts were made to file any indictments after Hughes had died. In , Hughes launched the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Miami, Florida currently located in Chevy Chase, Maryland with the expressed goal of basic biomedical research , including trying to understand, in Hughes' words, the "genesis of life itself," due to his lifelong interest in science and technology.
Hughes' first will , which he signed in at the age of 19, stipulated that a portion of his estate should be used to create a medical institute bearing his name.
Hughes' internist, Verne Mason , who treated Hughes after his aircraft crash, was chairman of the institute's medical advisory committee.
The deal was the topic of a protracted legal battle between Hughes and the Internal Revenue Service , which Hughes ultimately won.
After his death in , many thought that the balance of Hughes' estate would go to the institute, although it was ultimately divided among his cousins and other heirs, given the lack of a will to the contrary.
In , during the cold war era , Hughes was approached by the CIA through his longtime partner, David Charnay, to help secretly recover the Soviet submarine K , which had sunk near Hawaii four years earlier.
The recovery plan used the special-purpose salvage vessel Glomar Explorer. In the summer of , Glomar Explorer attempted to raise the Soviet vessel.
This section is believed to have held many of the most sought-after items, including its code book and nuclear missiles. Two nuclear-tipped torpedoes and some cryptographic machines were recovered, along with the bodies of six Soviet submariners who were subsequently given formal burial at sea in a filmed ceremony.
The operation, known as Project Azorian but incorrectly referred to by the press as Project Jennifer , became public in February after secret documents were released, obtained by burglars of Hughes' headquarters during a burglary in June The Glomar Explorer was eventually acquired by Transocean Inc.
In , Hughes' wife, Ella, returned to Houston and filed for divorce. Jean Harlow accompanied him to the premiere of Hell's Angels , but Noah Dietrich wrote many years later that the relationship was strictly professional, as Hughes apparently personally disliked Harlow.
In his book, Howard: Hughes , Dietrich said that Hughes genuinely liked and respected Jane Russell , but never sought romantic involvement with her.
According to Russell's autobiography, however, Hughes once tried to bed her after a party. Russell who was married at the time refused him, and Hughes promised it would never happen again.
The two maintained a professional and private friendship for many years. Hughes remained good friends with Tierney who, after his failed attempts to seduce her, was quoted as saying "I don't think Howard could love anything that did not have a motor in it.
In , Hughes made a purchase of an unseen luxury steam yacht named the Rover , which was previously owned by British shipping magnate Lord Inchcape.
My experience is that the English are the most honest race in the world. On July 11, , Hughes struck and killed a pedestrian named Gabriel S.
Meyer with his car at the corner of 3rd Street and Lorraine in Los Angeles. A witness to the crash told police that Hughes was driving erratically and too fast, and that Meyer had been standing in the safety zone of a streetcar stop.
Hughes was booked on suspicion of negligent homicide and held overnight in jail until his attorney, Neil S.
McCarthy , obtained a writ of habeas corpus for his release pending a coroner's inquest. Nancy Bayly Watts , who was in the car with Hughes at the time of the crash, corroborated this version of the story.
On July 16, , Hughes was held blameless by a coroner's jury at the inquest into Meyer's death. On January 12, , Hughes married actress Jean Peters.
The couple met in the s, before Peters became a film actress. Such reports were confirmed by actor Max Showalter , who became a close friend of Peters while shooting Niagara It has long been speculated  that Nixon's drive to learn what the Democrats were planning in was based in part on his belief that the Democrats knew about a later bribe that his friend Bebe Rebozo had received from Hughes after Nixon took office.
In late , Donald Nixon was collecting intelligence for his brother in preparation for the upcoming presidential election. One of his sources was John H.
Meier, in collaboration with former Vice President Hubert Humphrey and others, wanted to feed misinformation to the Nixon campaign.
Meier told Donald that he was sure the Democrats would win the election because Larry O'Brien had a great deal of information on Richard Nixon's illicit dealings with Howard Hughes that had never been released;   O'Brien did not actually have any such information, but Meier wanted Nixon to think he did.
Donald told his brother that O'Brien was in possession of damaging Hughes information that could destroy his campaign. Hughes was eccentric ,  and suffered from a severe obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD.
While directing The Outlaw , Hughes became fixated on a small flaw in one of Jane Russell 's blouses, claiming that the fabric bunched up along a seam and gave the appearance of two nipples on each breast.
He wrote a detailed memorandum to the crew on how to fix the problem. Richard Fleischer , who directed His Kind of Woman with Hughes as executive producer, wrote at length in his autobiography about the difficulty of dealing with the tycoon.
In his book, Just Tell Me When to Cry , Fleischer explained that Hughes was fixated on trivial details and was alternately indecisive and obstinate.
He also revealed that Hughes' unpredictable mood swings made him wonder if the film would ever be completed. In , Hughes told his aides that he wanted to screen some movies at a film studio near his home.
He stayed in the studio's darkened screening room for more than four months, never leaving. He ate only chocolate bars and chicken and drank only milk , and was surrounded by dozens of Kleenex boxes that he continuously stacked and re-arranged.
He wrote detailed memos to his aides giving them explicit instructions neither to look at him nor speak to him unless spoken to. Throughout this period, Hughes sat fixated in his chair, often naked, continually watching movies.
When he finally emerged in the summer of , his hygiene was terrible. He had neither bathed nor cut his hair and nails for weeks; this may have been due to allodynia , which results in a pain response to stimuli that would normally not cause pain.
After the screening room incident, Hughes moved into a bungalow at the Beverly Hills Hotel where he also rented rooms for his aides, his wife, and numerous girlfriends.
He would sit naked in his bedroom with a pink hotel napkin placed over his genitals, watching movies. This may have been because Hughes found the touch of clothing painful due to allodynia.
He may have watched movies to distract himself from his pain—a common practice among patients with intractable pain, especially those who do not receive adequate treatment.
Hughes began purchasing all restaurant chains and four star hotels that had been founded within the state of Texas.
This included, if for only a short period, many unknown franchises currently out of business. He placed ownership of the restaurants with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and all licenses were resold shortly after.
Another time, he became obsessed with the film Ice Station Zebra , and had it run on a continuous loop in his home.
According to his aides, he watched it times. Hughes insisted on using tissues to pick up objects to insulate himself from germs.
He would also notice dust, stains, or other imperfections on people's clothes and demand that they take care of them. Once one of the most visible men in America, Hughes ultimately vanished from public view, although tabloids continued to follow rumors of his behavior and whereabouts.
He was reported to be terminally ill, mentally unstable, or even dead. Injuries from numerous aircraft crashes caused Hughes to spend much of his later life in pain, and he eventually became addicted to codeine , which he injected intramuscularly.
The wealthy and aging Hughes, accompanied by his entourage of personal aides, began moving from one hotel to another, always taking up residence in the top floor penthouse.
Because he refused to leave the hotel and to avoid further conflicts with the owners, Hughes bought the Desert Inn in early The hotel's eighth floor became the nerve center of Hughes' empire and the ninth-floor penthouse became his personal residence.
Between and , he bought several other hotel-casinos, including the Castaways , New Frontier , the Landmark Hotel and Casino , and the Sands.
After Hughes left the Desert Inn, hotel employees discovered that his drapes had not been opened during the time he lived there and had rotted through.
Hughes nodded in compliance, before the hotel's entertainment director arrived and introduced Hughes to Liberace.
Hughes wanted to change the image of Las Vegas to something more glamorous. As Hughes wrote in a memo to an aide, "I like to think of Las Vegas in terms of a well-dressed man in a dinner jacket and a beautifully jeweled and furred female getting out of an expensive car.
Hughes' considerable business holdings were overseen by a small panel unofficially dubbed "The Mormon Mafia" because of the many Latter-day Saints on the committee, led by Frank William Gay.
For example, Hughes once became fond of Baskin-Robbins ' banana nut ice cream, so his aides sought to secure a bulk shipment for him, only to discover that Baskin-Robbins had discontinued the flavor.
They put in a request for the smallest amount the company could provide for a special order, gallons 1, L , and had it shipped from Los Angeles.
A few days after the order arrived, Hughes announced he was tired of banana nut and wanted only French vanilla ice cream.
The Desert Inn ended up distributing free banana nut ice cream to casino customers for a year. It is most likely true. As an owner of several major Las Vegas businesses, Hughes wielded much political and economic influence in Nevada and elsewhere.
During the s and early s, he disapproved of underground nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site. Hughes was concerned about the risk from residual nuclear radiation , and attempted to halt the tests.
When the tests finally went through despite Hughes' efforts, the detonations were powerful enough that the entire hotel where he was staying trembled due to the shock waves.
Johnson and Richard Nixon. In , Jean Peters filed for divorce. The two had not lived together for many years. Hughes offered her a settlement of over a million dollars, but she declined it.
Hughes did not insist on a confidentiality agreement from Peters as a condition of the divorce. Aides reported that Hughes never spoke ill of her.
She refused to discuss her life with Hughes and declined several lucrative offers from publishers and biographers. Peters would state only that she had not seen Hughes for several years before their divorce and had only dealt with him by phone.
Hughes was living in the Intercontinental Hotel near Lake Managua in Nicaragua, seeking privacy and security,  when a magnitude 6. As a precaution, Hughes moved first to a rather large tent, facing the hotel, then after a few days there to the Nicaraguan National Palace and stayed there as a guest of Anastasio Somoza Debayle before leaving for Florida on a private jet the following day.
In , author Clifford Irving caused a media sensation when he claimed he had co-written an authorized autobiography of Hughes. Hughes was so reclusive that he did not immediately publicly refute Irving's statement, leading many to believe the Irving book was genuine.
However, before the book's publication, Hughes finally denounced Irving in a teleconference and the entire project was eventually exposed as a hoax.
The film The Hoax , starring Richard Gere , is also based on these events. Hughes was reported to have died on April 5, , at 1: Other accounts indicate that he died on the flight from Freeport , Grand Bahama , to Houston.
After receiving a call, his senior counsel, Frank P. Morse , ordered his staff to get his body on a plane and return him to the United States.
It was common that foreign countries would hold a corpse as ransom so that an estate could not be settled. Morse ordered the pilots to announce Hughes' death once they entered U.
His reclusiveness and possible drug use made him practically unrecognizable. Conover, was used when his body arrived at a morgue in Houston on the day of his death.
A subsequent autopsy recorded kidney failure as the cause of death. He suffered from malnutrition. While his kidneys were damaged, his other internal organs, including his brain, were deemed perfectly healthy.
Hughes is buried next to his parents at Glenwood Cemetery in Houston. In this will, Hughes left his entire estate to the Hughes Medical Institute, as he had no connection to family and was seriously ill.
This is contrary to the many wills that have surfaced after his death. The original will that included payments to aides never surfaced.
It was apparently in a home surrounding the Desert Inn Golf Course belonging to the mother of an assistant. He had no desire to leave any money to family, aides or churches, including William Gay and Frank Morse.
Morse is still the attorney of record for Hughes. The man asked for a ride to Vegas. Dropping him off at the Sands Hotel , Dummar said the man told him that he was Hughes.
Dummar later claimed that days after Hughes' death a "mysterious man" appeared at his gas station, leaving an envelope containing the will on his desk.
Unsure if the will was genuine and unsure of what to do, Dummar left the will at the LDS Church office.
In , a Nevada court ruled the Mormon Will a forgery, and officially declared that Hughes had died intestate without a valid will.
Dummar's story was later adapted into Jonathan Demme 's film Melvin and Howard in The court rejected suits by the states of California and Texas that claimed they were owed inheritance tax.
In Hughes' estate paid an undisclosed amount to Terry Moore , who claimed she and Hughes had secretly married on a yacht in international waters off Mexico in and never divorced.
Moore never produced proof of a marriage, but her book, The Beauty and the Billionaire, became a bestseller. The collection consists of over items including 35mm and 16mm elements of feature films, documentaries, and television programs made or accumulated by Hughes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Howard Hughes, see Howard Hughes disambiguation.
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